What is HTML? and History of HTML

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and is the standard markup language used for creating web pages. It provides a set of tags and attributes that define the structure and presentation of content on a web page. HTML documents consist of a series of elements, enclosed within angle brackets (< >) and arranged hierarchically.

HTML elements represent different types of content such as headings, paragraphs, images, links, tables, forms, and more. Each element has a specific purpose and formatting associated with it. For example, the tag is used to define the main heading of a page, while the title is used to determine a paragraph of text.

Hypertext Markup Language is referred to as HTML.
The most common markup language for making Web pages is HTML.
A Web page’s structure is described by HTML.
A number of elements make up HTML.
The content’s presentation in the browser is determined by HTML components.
This is a heading, this is a paragraph, this is a link, and other labels are provided by HTML elements.

How looks HTML Code?

<!DOCTYPE html>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Page Title</title>
    <!-- Header content goes here -->

    <!-- Navigation menu goes here -->

    <!-- Main content goes here -->
    <h1>This is heading</h1>
    <p>This is paragraph</p>

    <!-- Footer content goes here -->


Explanation of HTML tags

  • <!DOCTYPE HTML> means this document is written in HTML5.
  • <HTML> it’s root element which is closed with </html>
  • <head> It contains metadata about the HTML page.
  • <title> It described the information about the HTML page. (Which is shown in the browser’s title bar.
  • <body> This container contains all visible content of the webpage.
  • <header> The “header” section serves as the introduction to the page and often includes the site’s logo, name, or menu.
  • <nav>The page’s navigation menu is specified using the <nav> element.
  • <main> The web page’s primary material is contained in the <main> section.
  • <footer> The portion labeled “footer” refers to the bottom of the page, which typically includes details about the website or copyright notices.
Credit – GCFLearnFree
Credit- Yahoobaba

History of HTML

HTML, short for Hypertext Markup Language, has a rich history dating back to the early days of the World Wide Web. Let’s explore a concise overview of HTML’s evolution:

At its inception, HTML was created by Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist, in 1989 while working at CERN. It served as a means to structure and connect documents on the web.

In 1995, HTML 2.0 was standardized by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). This version introduced essential features such as tables and image support, playing a significant role in the popularization of web development.

Two years later, HTML 3.2 was released, expanding the language’s capabilities with additional features like form elements and text formatting options. It marked a transitional phase, setting the stage for future advancements.

HTML 4.01, introduced in 1999, brought substantial enhancements. It facilitated the inclusion of frames, and scripting languages like JavaScript, and improved the integration of multimedia elements. HTML 4.01 quickly became the widely adopted standard for web development in the early 2000s.

Around the same time, XHTML emerged as an XML-based variant of HTML. XHTML combined HTML’s syntax with the strictness of XML, promoting cleaner code and adherence to standards. The release of XHTML 1.0 occurred in 2000.

HTML5, the current major version, was initially proposed in 2004. Its development aimed to address the evolving needs of the web while maintaining backward compatibility. HTML5 introduced significant advancements, including native multimedia support, the canvas element for graphics, semantic elements, and enhanced form controls.

HTML’s ongoing development continues even after HTML5’s release. The HTML Living Standard, collaboratively maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG), continually updates the language. This ensures the inclusion of new features, APIs, and improvements to meet the ever-changing demands of web development.


Today, HTML remains the backbone of web development, enabling the structuring and presentation of content across the internet. It works seamlessly with CSS for styling and JavaScript for interactivity, facilitating the creation of dynamic, engaging web pages and applications.

Is HTML a programming language?

No, HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is not classified as a programming language but rather a markup language employed for structuring and displaying content on the web. Its purpose is to define the arrangement and presentation of web pages using tags and attributes that denote elements like headings, paragraphs, images, and links.

Is HTML easy?

Yes, HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is indeed considered one of the easiest languages to learn for creating web pages. Its simplicity and straightforward syntax contribute to its user-friendly nature.

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